Heliports play a crucial role in facilitating quick and efficient point-to-point transportation in urban areas, as well as providing access to remote or inaccessible locations. They are utilized for various purposes, including emergency medical services, corporate transportation, tourism, and logistical support for industries such as oil and gas. The design and features of a heliport can vary based on its intended use and the types of helicopters it serves.
Key features and characteristics of heliports include: Helicopter Landing Pads: Heliports typically have one or more landing pads or helipads, marked with a designated "H" symbol. These landing pads are specifically designed to support the weight and dimensions of helicopters. Ground Markings and Lighting: Heliports often have ground markings to guide helicopter pilots during takeoff and landing. Lighting systems, including approach lights and perimeter lights, help ensure safe operations, especially during nighttime or adverse weather conditions. Terminal or Passenger Facilities: Larger heliports, especially those in urban areas or used for passenger transport, may have terminal buildings with facilities for passengers, waiting areas, ticketing, and other amenities. Fueling Facilities: Many heliports are equipped with fueling stations to provide the necessary aviation fuel for helicopters. Maintenance and Hangar Facilities: Some heliports have maintenance facilities or hangars where helicopters can undergo routine maintenance, repairs, or storage. Security Measures: Security measures are in place to control access to the heliport and ensure the safety of operations. This can include perimeter fencing, access control systems, and security personnel. Emergency Services: Depending on the location and purpose of the heliport, there may be emergency services on-site, such as firefighting equipment and medical facilities. Regulatory Compliance: Heliports must comply with aviation regulations and standards set by the relevant aviation authorities. This includes adherence to safety standards, obstacle clearance requirements, and other guidelines to ensure safe helicopter operations. Integration with Air Traffic Control: In some cases, larger heliports may have communication systems to coordinate with air traffic control for airspace management and traffic separation.